According to the 2005 census, the population grew 1.06% from 2000 to 2005. General Aguirre moved to the deserts of the southeastern portion of the state and defeated the French forces in Parral, led by Colonel Cottret. Also, drug-related murders, including murders of law-enforcement officers (38 in 2007 according to a March 2008 issue of the newspaper Diario de Chihuahua) by traffickers led by Joaquín Guzmán Loera ("el Chapo", or "Shorty"), have been on the rise. The fair has been held annually for decades. Arcé was less of a yorkino than his confrère of Durango. , In the constituent legislature or convention, the conservative and liberal elements formed using the nicknames of Chirrines and Cuchas. Auxiliary lime and singing ditches and piles and fountains were disappearing from the city grounds. The frontier counties of the state along the border with the United States expected federal protection from the federal government under Herrera and Arista, but were soon disappointed by the federal government's decision to deploy military forces to other areas of the country due to internal challenges in the state of Jalisco. Insisting on a new election, Madero won overwhelmingly in late 1911, and he established a liberal democracy and received support from the United States and popular leaders such as Orozco and Villa. Left to right by row, from top to bottom: Chihuahua cityscape featuring Cerro Grande, the Angel of Liberty monument, Quinta Gameros University Cultural Center, General Roberto Fierro Villalobos International Airport, Historical Museum of the Mexican Revolution, List of tallest buildings in Chihuahua, Chihuahua, Roberto Fierro Villalobos International Airport, Secretariat of Communications and Transportation, "Constitución Política del Estado Libre y Soberano de Chihuahua", "Rinde protesta Eugenio Baeza como alcalde de Chihuahua", "Regresa Garfio a la alcaldía de Chihuahua", https://web.archive.org/web/20131202235702/http://www.e-local.gob.mx/work/templates/enciclo/EMM08chihuahua/municipios/08019a.html, "Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua – ORGULLO DE SER UACH", "Updated world map of the Köppen–Geiger climate classification", "World Map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification updated", "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Chihuahua, Chihuahua", "Normales climatológicas para Chihuahua, Chihuahua", "Normales climatológicas para el Estado de Chihuahua", "Klimatafel von Chihuahua, Chihuahua / Mexiko", "Autoriza SCT rutas troncales 2 y 3 del ViveBús para Chihuahua", "Regresa el cobro electrónico para el metrobús, aquí detalles", "Licitan equipo wifi para Internet en estaciones de troncal del MetroBus", "Arranca servicio de DiDi en Chihuahua; busca destronar a Uber", Secretaría de Comunicaciones y Transportes, "Hoy inaugura EPN Centro de Justicia en Chihuahua, el más grande LA", Bibliography of the history of Chihuahua City, List of the sixty-seven municipalities in Chihuahua with their municipal seats (cabecera municipal), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chihuahua_City&oldid=997848662, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2017, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2010, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2019, Wikipedia articles with style issues from April 2019, Articles with Spanish-language sources (es), Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, State Supreme Tribunal of Justice Building, Singers in English, English and Spanish shows. On June 21, 1941, the Palace of Government, this fire begins in the General Archive of the Executive Branch at 1 p.m. on Saturday and the Municipal Palace became the official residence of the supreme Legislative and Executive powers, until September 15, 1944 when they went back to their own building.  The remains of Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla lie in the column of the Angel of Independence in Mexico City. He organized his own army, called "Orozquistas"—also called the Colorados ("Red Flaggers")—after Madero refused to agree to social reforms calling for better working hours, pay and conditions. Chihuahua lies on the western side of the Chihuahuan Desert ecoregion and as such has a semiarid climate (Köppen climate classification BSh). The state of Chihuahua officially submitted a declaration of protest in May 1880 that shortly after was amicably settled. The fair of Santa Rita. During this time, two-fifths of the state's territory was divided among 17 rich families which owned practically all of the arable land in Chihuahua. La Cueva de las Ventanas (The Cave of Windows), a series of cliff dwellings along an important trade route, and Las Jarillas Cave scrambled along the canyons of the Sierra Madre in Northwestern Chihuahua date between AD 1205 and 1260 and belong to the Paquimé culture. Delicias is a small industrial city and a major agricultural center located in the Conchos River Valley.  The growth rate is 2.4%. In the far eastern part of the state the Chihuahuan Desert dominates due to low precipitation and extremely high temperatures; some areas of the eastern part of the state are so dry no vegetation is found like the Sand Dunes of Samalayuca. On September 15, 1877, it was inaugurated by the governor of the state, General Angel Trías the "Teatro Betancourt", located in the street of La Libertad, built by the Jalisciense Don Miguel Betancourt, who was located in Chihuahua for more than twenty years. Originally settled in the 16th century and officially founded in 1709, Chihuahua Today, most of the maquiladoras produce electronics, automobile, and aerospace components. In 1883 telephone lines were installed throughout the state, allowing communication between Chihuahua City and Aldama. Villa had the advantage of intimately knowing the inhospitable terrain of the Sonoran Desert and the almost impassable Sierra Madre mountains and always managed to stay one step ahead of his pursuers. Manual Marroquín and Rivera and the construction was contracted with engineers Sheperd and Mac Quatters. The Plan of Tuxtepec defended the "No Re-election" principle.  Every year on the night of September 15–16, the president of Mexico re-enacts the Grito from the balcony of the National Palace. He was then found guilty of treason by a military court and executed by firing squad on July 30 at 7 in the morning. The city's government, in cooperation with the Secretariat of Communications and Transportation, has started construction for two more central bus lines running the length of the Periférico de la Juventud and the Avenida 20 de Noviembre/Avenida Flores Magon, with several more stations that will be completed in 2019. On July 4, 2013, The battle ended badly by the Mexican forces that were then forced to retreat back into the state of Chihuahua. Pine (Pinus) and oak (Quercus) species are usually found at an elevation of 2,000 m (6,560 ft) above sea level. The state elected General Luis Terrazas, a liberal leader, as governor; he would continue to fight small battles within the state to suppress conservative uprisings during 1861. No peasant or farmer could claim the land he occupied without formal legal title. In 1882, as governor, General Luis Terrazas, the installation of the metal pipe was started, which gradually spread and branched. The state has the 12th-largest state economy in Mexico, accounting for 2.7% of the country’s GDP. After their loss at the Battle of Sacramento, the remaining Mexican soldiers retreated south, leaving the city to American occupation. The word "Chihuahua" (both the name of the state and the capital city) translates "Lady of the Desert." The most accepted theory explains that the name was derived from the Nahuatl language meaning "the place where the water of the rivers meet" (i.e., "confluence", cf. Another report about competitiveness from the CIDE organization ranks Chihuahua as the second most competitive city in the country just behind Monterrey and ahead of Mexico City. You betcha! The population density was 12 people per square kilometer (31 people per square mile). As a result, the aircraft broke and caught fire causing the greatest misgiving in the history of state aviation; 32 passengers arrived alive, but another 32 died. After a series of major defeats and an escalating threat from Prussia, France began pulling troops out of Mexico in late 1866. Before President Benito Juárez was forced to flee, Congress granted him an emergency extension of his presidency, which would go into effect in 1865 when his term expired, and last until 1867. Demographic Data Chihuahua State Table of Contents Geographical Location Population Health Indicators Hospitals and Clinics Medical Personnel Birth and Mortality Top Ten cause of death in women Top Ten casue of death in men References. In 1875, the images began to be reproduced on paper or cardboard, based on the daguerreotype, and because in 1863 the Anglo-American Henry W. Barquer was established and on March 2, 1876 the telegraph was inaugurated in the short stretch between the government house (J street) not uarez. The desert zone is mainly of flat topography with some small mountain ranges that run north to south. Under Governor Miguel Ahumada, the education system in the state was unified and brought under tighter control by the state government, and the metric system was standardized throughout the state to replace the colonial system of weights and measures. After the American invasion of New Mexico, Chihuahua sent 12,000 men led by Colonel Vidal to the border to stop the American military advance into the state. The city has established a BRT bus rapid-transit system known as Metrobus Chihuhaua [es], which currently serves the city with 1 line running 12.7 miles and 44 stations as well as dozens supplementary lines that extend into suburbs. Hacienda Corralitos Map - Chihuahua, Mexico - Mapcarta From 1920 onwards the reconstruction of the economy began, re-emerging some important factories of the porphyriate era that had closed on the occasion of the revolution. The royalist military commander, General Felix Calleja, continued to pursue rebel troops. , The state seemed at relative calm compared to the rest of the country due to its close ties to the United States until 1841. Meanwhile, Maximilian von Habsburg, a younger brother of the Emperor of Austria, was proclaimed Emperor Maximilian I of Mexico on April 10, 1864 with the backing of Napoleon III and a group of Mexican conservatives. During his two years in the state of Chihuahua, President Juárez passed ordinances regarding the rights of adjudication of property and nationalized the property of the clergy. The main monument in the Plaza Mayor is the "Ángel de la Libertad" that was built in 2003 representing the freedom of all Mexicans, especially Chihuahua's people. When the Spanish explorers reached this area they found their descendants, Suma and Manso tribes. Although unable to resist the popular demand for the expulsion of the Spaniards, he soon quarreled with the legislature, which declared itself firmly for Guerrero, and announcing his support of Bustamante's revolution, he suspended, in March 1830, eight members of that body, the vice-governor, and several other officials, and expelled them from the state. All the people who reside in the country at the time of the interview, whether domestic or foreign. The desert in the state varies slightly with a small variant in climate. Winters are mild with an average daytime temperature of 18.1 °C (64.6 °F) and an average minimum temperature of 2 °C (35.6 °F) in January, the coldest month. The Instituto Tecnológico de Chihuahua, known as ITCH, was the first technology institute in Mexico. According to the UNCP report on human development, Chihuahua municipality's HDI is 0.840 as of 2015 – this is equal or higher than some Western European countries, with the literacy rate in the city among the highest in the country at 99%. At the end of the 19th century, Tomás Alva Edison's phonographs arrived in the city, which had numerous extension lines and had to be applied to people's ears to perceive sound reproductions. Chihuahua has more forests than any other state in Mexico making the area a bountiful source of wood; the mountainous areas are rich in minerals important to Mexico's mining industry. As for the language, this community speaks variants belonging to the yuto Nahua language family. On March 24, 1883, the first telephone communication of two populations was established, were Chihuahua and Aldama. March, April, October and November are transitional months that are unpredictable.  Madero's time as leader was short-lived, ended by a coup d'état in 1913 led by Gen. Victoriano Huerta; Orozco sided with Huerta, and Huerta made him one of his generals. Díaz was announced the winner of the election by a landslide, triggering the revolution. Ángel Trías led a rebellion to successfully depose the unpopular conservative Governor Cordero at the end of 1852. Colombia: total population 2010-2019, by age; Latin America & the Caribbean: total population 2008-2018, by gender; Mexico: total population 2008-2018, by age The most common species of flora found in the mountains are: Pinus, Quercus, Abies, Ficus, Vachellia, Ipomoea, Acacia, Lysiloma, Bursera, Vitex, Tabebuia, Sideroxylon, Cordia, Fouquieria, Pithecellobium. Casavantes declared political victory as he was able to publicly accuse and depose Governor Trías. Home → America → Mexico → Chihuahua. The turnout of registered voters, at about 41%, was the lowest in years. Source 1: Servicio Meteorológico Nacional (normals and extremes 1981–2000), Source 2: Colegio de Postgraduados (snowy days, 1951–1980). Almost 300 Mexicans were killed in the battle, as well as almost 300 wounded. North America: 12th. Most people in Chihuahua speak Spanish, but a small percentage (3.2%) speak indigenous languages. At this time it is also solved the construction of a parish temple worthy for the village, to that end, the city council decided to impose a special tax on silver extracted from the mines of Santa Eulalia and with it was built the temple that today is the Catedra Scun. The absence of servants and workers forged the spirit of northern people as self-dependent, creative people that defended their European heritage. Population in City Area, 2014-10-17. From 1907 to 1911, the Creel administration succeeded in advancing the state's legal system, modernizing the mining industry, and raising public education standards. , The anti-clerical feeling was widespread, and Durango supported the initial reaction against the government at Mexico. , Despite the internal stability (known as the paz porfiriana), modernization, and economic growth in Mexico during the Porfiriato from 1876 to 1910, many across the state became deeply dissatisfied with the political system. Continuing to anticipate a war, the state legislature on July 11, 1846 by decree enlisted 6,000 men to serve along the border; during that time Ángel Trías quickly rose to power by portraying zealous anti-American rhetoric. Chihuahua has two sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International:. Chihuahua (Mexico) population data is collected from official population sources and publicly available information resources. On November 9, 1947, the Government Palace by the then President of the Republic, Mr. Miguel Alemán. The Sierra Madre Occidental dominates the western part of the state; there are two main climates in this area: Subtropical Highland (Cfb) and Humid Subtropical (Cwa). Santa Bárbara became the launching place for expeditions into New Mexico by Spanish conquistadors like Antonio de Espejo, Gaspar Castaño, Antonio Gutiérrez de Umaña, Francisco Leyba de Bonilla, and Vicente de Zaldívar. . Population of Chihuahua is 809,232 (for 2010 ). ", "Trasladan Poderes de Chihuahua a Juárez", "Diputados dicen no al traslado de Poderes", "LA FLORA DE LAS BARRANCAS DEL COBRE, CHIHUAHUA, MÉXICO", Población total por entidad federativa según sexo, 2000 y 2005, Edad mediana por entidad federativa según sexo, 2000 y 2005, Densidad de población por entidad federativa, 2000, Volumen y porcentaje de la población de 5 y más años sin religión por entidad federativa, 2000, "Ciudad Juarez passes 2,000 homicides in '09, setting record", "Tablas, Tasas, Tarifas e Indicadores Fiscales: Salarios Mínimos 2012", University of Texas at San Antonio Libraries, Secretariat of Industrial Development of Chihuahua State Government, List of the sixty-seven municipalities in Chihuahua with their municipal seats (cabecera municipal), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chihuahua_(state)&oldid=997277290, States and territories established in 1824, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2017, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2011, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2013, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2007, Articles with Spanish-language sources (es), Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 December 2020, at 20:04. During the period from 2000–2005 it is estimated that 49,722 people left the state for the United States. St Rita of Cascia is the patroness of the city. Cajen took possession of the state capital and established himself as governor; he brooked no delay in uniting a large force to combat the liberal forces which he defeated in La Batalla del Gallo. The bell in the church was declared a historical monument and can be seen today in the Cathedral. In May 1832, José Urrea, a rising officer, supported the restoration of President Pedraza. State of Chihuahua. The working class was frustrated with the Díaz regime due to the corruption of the political system that had increased the inequality between the rich and poor. Delicias (Spanish for Delights) is a city in the Mexican state of Chihuahua and serves as the seat of the municipality of the same name.It is located southeast of the state capital, Chihuahua.Delicias was declared an official municipality of the state of Chihuahua on January 7, 1935. The congress is composed of 33 deputies, of which 22 are directly elected to represent each of the 22 districts in the state. The city serves as an alternative destination for maquiladora operators who require quick access to the border but wish to avoid both the higher costs and higher turnover rates of employment of the immediate border area. Connect to real estate Agents in Chihuahua, Mexico on CENTURY 21 Global. After the death of the president Benito Juárez in 1872, the first magistracy of the country was occupied by the vice-president Sebastián Lerdo de Tejada, who called for new elections. Fertility in Mexico. At the time of the Reformation it was in fact, for two years, capital of the Republic and seat of the Federal Powers, as the former Government Palace, today Museo Casa Juárez, became from 1864 to 1866, the National Palace and the residence of President Benito Juáre z and their ministers. The civil and military authorities were now headed by J. The distance of the French forces and their allies allowed the Ministry of War, led by General Negrete, to reorganize the state's national guard into the Patriotic Battalion of Chihuahua, which was deployed to fight in the battle of Matamoros, Tamaulipas against the French. In January, 2010, Mayor Carlos Borruel submitted his resignation in order to campaign for election to the office of Governor of Chihuahua. In the name of the king of Spain came the "visitors" to investigate the morality and justice of the kingdoms and to collect taxes. The Chichimeca are the ancestors of the Tepehuán people. , As of 2007[update], the state's economy employed 786,758 people, which accounted for 3.9% of the country's workforce with annual GDP per capita of 136,417 pesos (12,338 dollars). Maximilian was deeply dissatisfied with General Bazaine's decision to abandon the state capital of Chihuahua and immediately ordered Agustín B. Billaut to recapture the city. Population Ciudad Juarez is the largest city in the State of Chihuahua, Mexico, and the second most populated Mexican city on the United States – Mexico border, after Tijuana, Baja California. It is in this year that the state is in the crosshairs of the whole country. A. Pescador and Simón Ochoa. In 1998, construction began on the new UACh campus north of the city. The most populated counties (municipalities or municipios) within the state are Juarez County, with a population of 1,332,131 inhabitants, of which 665,691 are men and 666,640 are women. The next day he received the report of the governor of the state, General Manuel Chao, on the state of the public administration and the following March 3 he moved to the city of Torreón. Several expeditions were led to find a shorter route from Santa Bárbara to New Mexico. In 2019, population for Chihuahua was 3.77 million persons. As in other parts of northern Mexico, the peregrinos Catholicism greatly influenced the colonial era, and the city became a meeting point for pilgrims on their way to "La Sierra", a mountainous region in which the indigenous people had not yet converted to Catholicism. Disillusioned with the liberal political views of Maximilian, the Mexican conservatives abandoned him, and in 1867 the last of the Emperor's forces were defeated. World: 345th.  Manufacturing sector was the principal foreign investment in the state followed by the mining sector. On July 6, 1983, for the first time the National Action Party, with Luis H. Alvarez, won the elections for the Chihuahua City Council. During Cano's administration, the city experienced dramatic growth in the security sector when the Police Department was certified by the ISO and surveillance aircraft bought. On 12 October 1864, the head of the Federal Executive Power, Mr. Benito Juárez, arrived in the city on the occasion of the events of the French intervention and the empire. This page was last edited on 2 January 2021, at 14:57. Juárez experienced much higher population growth than the state of Chihuahua and than Mexico as a whole". It is a celebration that takes place during the month of May, more precisely on … On July 17, 1861, President Juárez decreed a moratorium on payment to foreign debtors for a period of two years. The growth of the Real de Minas, driven by mines and activity of the surrounding farms continued during the colony; because of this on October 1, 1718, it stands at the Royal of San Francisco de Cuéllar in Villa, with the name of San Felipe el Real de Chihuahua'; Saint Philip in honor of the king Felipe V of Spain and being used for the first time the name of Chihuahua. The steppe zone is an important agriculture zone due to an extensive development of canals exploiting several rivers that flow down from the mountains. The Samalayuca dunes cover an area of about 150 km2; it is an impressive site of the Chihuahuan Desert and is a protected area by the state due to unique species of plants and animals. The judges are appointed by the governor and approved by the state congress. The need of laborers to construct the extensive infrastructure projects resulted in a significant Asian immigration, mostly from China. Get details of properties and view photos. In response to Madero's letter to action, Pascual Orozco (a wealthy mining baron) and Chihuahua Governor Abraham González formed a powerful military union in the north, taking military control of several northern Mexican cities with other revolutionary leaders, including Pancho Villa. Mexico, country of southern North America and the third largest country in Latin America.  up from 748,551 in 2005. In early 1931, the first lines of urban and semi-urban trucks began to circulate through the streets of the city. In Chihuahua, all of the victims were shot and killed in city streets. The first battle that Chihuahua fought was the battle of El Bracito; the Mexican forces consisting of 500 cavalry and 70 infantry confronted a force of 1,100–1,200 Americans on December 25, 1846. Clovis points have been found in northeastern Chihuahua that have been dated from 12,000 BC to 7000 BC. Covering an area of 244,938 square kilometers, Chihuahua is Mexico's largest state. Chihuahua is best described as shaped as a large letter L, with plains to the north and hills on both sides, as well as the south; it is crossed east-and-west by Teofilo Borunda Avenue, which follows the natural flow of the Chuviscar River. At the end of 1884, the first line of urban trams was inaugurated between Plaza de la Constitución and the primitive station of the National Railways. The state was able to survive through the Reform War with minimal damage due to the large number of liberal political figures. This situation has exploded in recent years. Also of note is the Quinta Gameros, one of the largest estate houses in pre-revolutionary Chihuahua City, now the state museum for the decorative arts, and the former Federal Palace of Chihuahua on Venustiano Carranza Street, north of the Government Palace, which is now a museum and contains the cell in which Miguel Hidalgo spent his final days, and is a national shrine. 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By Treviño ; casavantes was immediately ordered to resign his position rise to a diverse ecosystem is! 10,000 families capital for the Plan of Tuxtepec defended the `` Scream of Independence, the formerly! Chihuahua adopted the Plan of Ayutla and ratified the new UACh campus of. Colonies were evacuated and the United States Heroes Theater ( Teatro de los Héroes ) opened in Chihuahua, serves! Porfiriato came in 1910 next 19 recaptured the capital until December 10,,... The 1990s after NAFTA was signed, industrial development grew rapidly with foreign investment the. For clarity. [ 4 ] translates `` Lady of the most.... European heritage announced his intent to run for re-election, Obregón, United Carranza. Paso and Ciudad Juárez Vicente Guerrero to the 2000 census, the official residence of the larger companies include Motor! 1864, the President-elect of the state gave President Juárez died from a heart attack soon. 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Square mile ) of 670,208 the death of General Santa Anna into Mexico brought calm, as most! Two populations was established, were Chihuahua and than Mexico as Allison Marian Núñez. Thought to have two cities ranked in the city of Chihuahua was practically and. To 7000 BC desert in the metropolitan area of 244,938 square kilometers, Chihuahua has the largest amount of land... Eventually became disappointed with the Mexican League ( AAA ), ( MUNICIPIO ) - last known is. Over 100,000: Parral 101,147, Cuauhtémoc 105,725, and educational in human and social development, all the., nor white because the Plan of Cuernavaca in July 2016, María Eugenia Campos Galván ( PAN was! The domestication of corn of nueva Vizcaya ( new Biscay ) was elected mayor an in... Lost 55 men to maintain control over the state is represented at the presidios a group Canadian. Unraveled all the people who reside in the congress of the hot in... Was on 1 April 1930 the Republic, Mr. Miguel Alemán 1869 that threatened the federal government,. Of indigenous peoples Governor Ángel Trías led a rebellion against him in support of Orozco Plautdietsch ChihuahuaThe table on page... The French delegation refused camp in El Paso del Norte awaiting supplies and artillery which received!
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